SDG 2. Zero Hunger
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
- 795 million people are estimated to be chronically undernourished as of 2014, often as a direct consequence of environmental degradation, drought and loss of biodiversity.
- Over 90 million children under the age of five are dangerously underweight. And one person in every four still goes hungry in Africa.
- This can be solved by promoting sustainable agricultural practices: improving the livelihoods and capacities of small scale farmers, allowing equal access to land, technology and markets. It also requires international cooperation to ensure investment in infrastructure and technology to improve agricultural productivity.
- SOURCE: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sdgoverview/post-2015-development-agenda/goal-1.html
SDG 3. Good Health & Well-Being
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all.
- According to research AIDS is the leading cause of death among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, and 22 million people living with HIV are not accessing life-saving antiretroviral therapy.
- SDG 3 aspires to ensure health and well-being for all, including a bold commitment to end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases by 2030.
- It also aims to achieve universal health coverage, and provide access to safe and effective medicines and vaccines for all. Supporting research and development for vaccines is an essential part of this process as well as expanding access to affordable medicines.
- SOURCE: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sdgoverview/post-2015-development-agenda/goal-3.html
SDG 4. Quality Education
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
- Children from the poorest households are four times more likely to be out of school than those of the richest households. Disparities between rural and urban areas also remain high.
- Achieving inclusive and quality education for all reaffirms the belief that education is one of the most powerful and proven vehicles for sustainable development. This goal ensures that all girls and boys complete free primary and secondary schooling by 2030. It also aims to provide equal access to affordable vocational training, and to eliminate gender and wealth disparities with the aim of achieving universal access to a quality higher education.
- SOURCE: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sdgoverview/post-2015-development-agenda/goal-4.html
SDG 5. Gender Equality
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
- Empowering women and promoting gender equality is crucial to accelerating sustainable development. Ending all forms of discrimination against women and girls is not only a basic human right, but it also has a multiplier effect across all other development areas.
- There are still gross inequalities in access to paid employment in some regions, and significant gaps between men and women in the labour market. Sexual violence and exploitation, the unequal division of unpaid care and domestic work, and discrimination in public decision making, all remain huge barriers.
- The (SDGs) aim to build on these achievements to ensure that there is an end to discrimination against women and girls everywhere.
- SOURCE: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sdgoverview/post-2015-development-agenda/goal-5.html
SDG 6. Clean Water & Sanitation
Ensure access to water and sanitation for all.
- Water scarcity affects more than 40 percent of people around the world, an alarming figure that is projected to increase with the rise of global temperatures as a consequence of climate change. Although 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved water sanitation since 1990, dwindling supplies of safe drinking water is a major problem impacting every continent.
- Ensuring universal access to safe and affordable drinking water by 2030 requires we invest in adequate infrastructure, provide sanitation facilities and encourage hygiene at every level. Protecting and restoring water-related ecosystems such as forests, mountains, wetlands and rivers is essential if we are to mitigate water scarcity. More international cooperation is also needed to encourage water efficiency and support treatment technologies in developing countries.
- SOURCE: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sdgoverview/post-2015-development-agenda/goal-6.html